Engineering is the most popular choice among the courses after 12th. Naturally so, as pursuing a career in engineering offers a plethora of options for students. On the hind side, having the option to choose from so many options can be a daunting task for students who have just embarked on the journey of their career.
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Here is an attempt to curate a list of engineering courses after the 12th for students to consider:
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B.Tech (Bachelor of Technology)
B.Tech (Bachelor of Technology) is an undergraduate degree program awarded in the field of technology and engineering. It is a four-year undergraduate program that focuses on providing students with a strong foundation in technical and engineering principles.
Course Curriculum: The curriculum of a B.Tech program includes a combination of theoretical coursework, practical laboratory sessions, projects, and industry internships. Students learn about the fundamental concepts, theories, and applications of engineering principles and technologies relevant to their chosen specialisation. They also develop problem-solving, critical thinking, and analytical skills required for engineering practice.
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Practical Knowledge: Throughout the program, students may work on individual and group projects, conduct experiments in laboratories, and participate in workshops and seminars to enhance their practical skills and gain hands-on experience.
Many B.Tech programs also emphasise industry collaboration and provide opportunities for students to interact with professionals, participate in industry visits, and work on real-world engineering challenges, making it one of the best engineering courses after 12th!
Career: Upon successful completion of a B.Tech program, graduates can pursue various career paths in the engineering and technology sectors. They can work as engineers, technologists, consultants, researchers, or managers in industries such as manufacturing, construction, information technology, telecommunications, automotive, aerospace, energy, and more. Some graduates may also choose to pursue higher education, such as Master’s or Ph.D. programs, to further specialise in their field or pursue academic and research careers.
|Some of the non-conventional branches are:
Apparel Production Management
Cloud Computing & Virtualisation Technology
Artificial intelligence and machine learning
Instrumentation and Control
Big Data Analytics
Automation and Robotics
Naval Architecture & Ocean Engineering
Smart Manufacturing & Automation
B.E (Bachelor of Engineering)
B.E. (Bachelor of Engineering) is also an undergraduate degree program awarded in the field of engineering. The terms B.E. and B.Tech are often used interchangeably in many countries, and the difference between them can vary based on the education system of a particular region or institution.
Theoretical Knowledge: B.E. programs focus on theoretical knowledge, practical skills, and industry exposure. Students learn core engineering subjects, mathematics, and science, along with specialised courses in their chosen field. The program often includes laboratory work, projects, and internships to provide hands-on experience and practical application of engineering concepts.
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Career: Upon completion of engineering courses after 12th, especially B.E, graduates can pursue various career paths in engineering and related industries. They can work as engineers, technologists, consultants, researchers, or managers in sectors such as manufacturing, construction, information technology, telecommunications, automotive, aerospace, energy, and more.
Some graduates may also choose to pursue higher education, such as Master’s or Ph.D. programs, to further specialise in their field or pursue academic and research careers.
|Some of the popular branches are:
Electronics and communication Engineering
Information Science and engineering
Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering
Computer Science and Engineering
B.Arch (Bachelor of Architecture)
B.Arch (Bachelor of Architecture) is one of the most sought-after engineering courses after 12th awarded in the field of architecture. It is a professional degree program that prepares students for a career in architecture and related fields.
Curriculum: The curriculum of a B.Arch program combines theoretical coursework, design studios, practical training, and architectural projects. Students learn about architectural history, principles of design, urban planning, sustainability, building codes and regulations, and other aspects of architecture. They develop skills in architectural drawing, computer-aided design (CAD), model making, and presentation techniques.
Practical Knowledge: A significant component of the B.Arch program is the design studio, where students work on architectural projects under the guidance of experienced faculty members. These projects allow students to apply their knowledge and creativity to design buildings and spaces, considering aspects such as aesthetics, functionality, sustainability, and user needs.
Career: Upon successful completion of a B.Arch program, graduates can pursue careers as architects, architectural designers, urban planners, interior designers, and other related roles. They can work in architectural firms, construction companies, government agencies, and real estate development firms, or choose to establish their own architectural practice.
|Some of the popular streams in Architecture are:
B.Sc. (Bachelor of Science)
BSc (Bachelor of Science) is an undergraduate degree program awarded in various scientific disciplines. It is a three or four-year program, depending on the course and educational institution, that focuses on providing students with a strong foundation in scientific knowledge, research methodologies, and analytical skills.
Course Curriculum: The specific curriculum and requirements of a BSc program will vary depending on the chosen field of study and the educational institution. However, common features of BSc programs include theoretical coursework, laboratory work, research projects, and practical training. Students gain knowledge through lectures, conduct experiments in laboratories, and often have the opportunity to engage in research activities under the guidance of faculty members.
Career: Among engineering courses after the 12th, a B.Sc graduate can pursue various career paths depending on their specialisation. They may work in scientific research, healthcare, technology, education, pharmaceuticals, environmental sciences, government agencies, and more. Some graduates may also choose to pursue higher education, such as a Master’s or Ph.D, to further specialise in their field or pursue research and academic careers.
|Some of the non-conventional branches are:
B.Sc. Food Technology
B.Sc. Polymer Science
B.Sc. Nautical Science
B.Sc. Ship Building & Repair
BCA (Bachelor of Computer Application)
BCA (Bachelor of Computer Applications) is an undergraduate degree program in the field of computer science and information technology. It is a three-year program that focuses on providing students with a strong foundation in computer programming, software development, database management, and computer applications.
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Practical Knowledge: The BCA program combines theoretical knowledge with practical skills to prepare students for careers in the IT industry. The curriculum typically includes subjects such as computer programming languages (like C, C++, and Java), data structures, algorithms, computer networks, web development, software engineering, database management systems, operating systems, and computer architecture.
Curriculum: The program also includes practical training and projects to enhance students’ programming and software development skills. Students work on individual and group projects, which involve developing software applications, web applications, and database systems.
Some key features of the BCA program include:
- Programming: Students learn various programming languages and develop skills in writing efficient and structured code. They learn how to solve problems using programming techniques and algorithms.
- Software Development: Students gain knowledge of software development methodologies, software engineering principles, and best practices for developing robust and scalable software applications.
- Database Management: Students learn about database systems, data modelling, SQL (Structured Query Language), and database administration. They acquire skills to design and manage databases effectively.
- Computer Networks: Students study the fundamentals of computer networks, including network protocols, network security, and network administration.
- Operating Systems: Students learn about operating system concepts, processes, memory management, file systems, and shell scripting.
Career: Upon completion of the BCA program, graduates can pursue various career paths in the IT industry. They can work as software developers, web developers, database administrators, system analysts, network administrators, and IT consultants, or pursue further studies in computer science or related fields.
BCA graduates find opportunities in software development companies, IT consulting firms, e-commerce companies, telecommunications, banking and finance, government agencies, and other organisations that require IT expertise.
B.Stat (Bachelor of Statistics)
B.Stat (Bachelor of Statistics) is an undergraduate degree program that focuses on the study of statistics, data analysis, and mathematical techniques used in statistical analysis. It is a three-year program that equips students with a strong foundation in statistical theory, methods, and their practical applications.
Application-Based Curriculum: Students gain proficiency in statistical software packages such as R, SAS, or Python, which are widely used for data analysis and modelling. They also develop problem-solving abilities, critical thinking skills, and the ability to communicate statistical findings effectively.
Some key components of the B.Stat program include:
- Statistical Theory: Students learn the fundamental concepts and principles of statistics, including probability theory, statistical distributions, estimation, hypothesis testing, and mathematical statistics.
- Data Analysis: Students acquire skills in data collection, data cleaning, exploratory data analysis, and statistical modelling. They learn various statistical techniques and methods used to analyse and interpret data.
- Statistical Computing: Students gain hands-on experience in using statistical software packages for data analysis, visualisation, and modelling. They learn to apply statistical techniques using software tools to solve real-world problems.
- Research Methodology: Students learn the principles of research design, sampling techniques, and data collection methods used in statistical research. They gain knowledge of designing surveys and experiments and analysing the collected data.
- Applied Statistics: Students study the application of statistics in various fields such as economics, social sciences, business, healthcare, finance, environmental studies, and quality control. They learn how to apply statistical techniques to solve problems and make data-driven decisions.
Career: Upon completion of the B.Stat program, graduates can pursue various career paths in fields that require statistical expertise. They can work as statisticians, data analysts, research analysts, market researchers, risk analysts, data scientists, or consultants in industries such as healthcare, finance, market research, government agencies, research organisations, and more.
Entrance Examinations for Engineering Courses After 12th
In the majority of the courses, the university or the institution conducts an entrance test to gauge the aptitude of the students for the said courses. Some of the top entrance exams that students can take up in the engineering field are mentioned below:
- JEE (Joint Entrance Examination): JEE is conducted in two phases; JEE Maines and JEE Advanced. It serves as a common entrance examination for prestigious institutions like IITs and NITs. It is conducted to ensure a standardised and fair admission process for undergraduate engineering and architecture programs.
- CUET UG (Common Universities Entrance Test): As per the recent developments, most top universities are now accepting CUET UG scores to grant admission to students in B.Sc programs. The main purpose of introducing this exam was to streamline the admission process for undergraduate programs across multiple universities. It serves as a standardised examination for universities to assess the aptitude and knowledge of candidates.
- NATA (National Aptitude Test in Architecture): It is conducted to assess the aptitude of candidates seeking admission to undergraduate architecture programs in India. It evaluates their drawing skills, observation skills, critical thinking abilities, aesthetic sensitivity, and logical reasoning. NATA is conducted once a year.
- IMU CET (Indian Maritime University Common Entrance Test): The Indian Maritime University conducts this exam to facilitate admissions to various undergraduate and postgraduate programs in the field of maritime education and training. IMU CET is the only entrance exam for candidates who aspire to be employed in the Merchant Navy. It serves as a standardised examination to assess the aptitude and knowledge of candidates aspiring to pursue careers in the maritime industry.
- BITSAT (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test): BITSAT is conducted to facilitate the admission process for undergraduate programs at Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS) campuses in Pilani, Goa, and Hyderabad. It serves as a competitive examination to assess the aptitude, subject knowledge, and problem-solving skills of candidates.
- VITEEE (Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Exam): It is conducted to facilitate the admission process for undergraduate engineering programs at Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT) and its associated campuses. It serves as a competitive examination to assess the aptitude, subject knowledge, and problem-solving skills of candidates.
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Top 10 Diploma Courses in Engineering After 12th
Diploma courses in the field of engineering are a common occurrence. Most of the branches that cover the degree courses are also offered under diploma courses. Among them, the most common stream for diploma courses after class 12th is the IT or Information Technology Branch. Here is a list of IT diploma courses, with some modern amalgamations:
- Diploma in Mechanical Engineering: This course covers the principles of mechanics, thermodynamics, manufacturing processes, and machinery design.
- Diploma in Civil Engineering: This course focuses on the design, construction, and maintenance of infrastructure such as buildings, roads, bridges, and dams.
- Diploma in Electrical Engineering: This course involves the study of electrical systems, power generation, transmission, and distribution, as well as the design and maintenance of electrical equipment.
- Diploma in Electronics and Communication Engineering: This course focuses on electronic circuits, communication systems, digital electronics, and the design of electronic devices.
- Diploma in Computer Science and Engineering: This course covers programming, algorithms, data structures, computer networks, and software development.
- Diploma in Information Technology: This course focuses on computer systems, networking, database management, web development, and software applications.
- Diploma in Automobile Engineering: This course covers the design, manufacturing, and maintenance of automobiles, including engines, chassis, and electrical systems.
- Diploma in Aerospace Engineering: This course involves the study of aircraft design, propulsion systems, aerodynamics, and aerospace technology.
- Diploma in Mechatronics Engineering: This course combines elements of mechanical, electrical, and computer engineering to design and develop automated systems and robotics.
- Diploma in Chemical Engineering: This course focuses on the principles of chemical processes, industrial chemistry, and plant operations.
These diploma courses are in high demand and offer excellent career prospects in various industries such as construction, manufacturing, electronics, IT, automotive, aerospace, and more. It’s important to note that specific course availability may vary across institutions, so it’s advisable to research and verify the course offerings of the desired colleges or institutes.
We hope that this comprehensive guide has provided you with valuable assistance in choosing an engineering stream and course. However, it is important to keep your options open and explore other courses after the 12th Science stream. While engineering is a popular choice, there are numerous other fields that offer promising opportunities for growth and success.
By considering a diverse range of courses, you can expand your horizons and discover fields that align with your interests, aptitude, and career aspirations. It is essential to make an informed decision based on thorough research, self-assessment, and guidance from professionals or mentors.
Remember that pursuing a course after the 12 is a crucial step that will shape your future. Take the time to explore various options, comprehend the curriculum and career prospects, and evaluate your own strengths and passions. By keeping your avenues open, you can make a well-informed decision that will lead to a fulfilling and rewarding career path. Do let us know whether we missed out on any course that you might want to pursue in the engineering field.
Ans) There are various branches of engineering, including civil engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, computer science and engineering, electronics and communication engineering, aerospace engineering, chemical engineering, and more. Each branch focuses on specific aspects of engineering and offers different career opportunities.
Ans) JEE Mains and Advanced conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) and state-level entrance exams such as MHT-CET (Maharashtra Common Entrance Test), KEAM (Kerala Engineering Architecture Medical), and so on. Some institutes also conduct their own entrance exams, such as BITSAT (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test) and VITEEE (Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Exam).
Ans) The duration of an undergraduate engineering course is typically four years. However, some specialized programs like dual degree programs or integrated courses may have a longer duration.
Ans) Engineering offers a wide range of career opportunities in industries such as IT, manufacturing, construction, automotive, aerospace, energy, and more. Graduates can work as engineers, research and development specialists, consultants, and project managers, or pursue higher studies and research in their respective fields.
Ans) Some factors to consider while choosing an engineering college include the college’s reputation, accreditation, faculty expertise, infrastructure and facilities, placement records, industry collaborations, opportunities for research and internships, and the course curriculum. It’s also important to consider the location, fees, and availability of scholarships or financial aid options.
Ans) Diploma holders in electronics and communication engineering can find opportunities in industries such as telecommunications, electronics manufacturing, broadcasting, and information technology. They can work as technicians, electronics assistants, network support personnel, or pursue further studies for career advancement.