Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) is a centrally funded scheme started by the Ministry of HRD (now the education ministry), Government of India in March 2009. The scheme was an initiative that focuses on developing secondary education in public schools around India.
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The plan involves a multifaceted study project, technical advice, several implementations, and financial support. The main goals were to improve secondary education’s quality and raise the overall enrolment rate from 52% in 2005-2006 to 75% in five years, or from 2009 to 2014. It intends to give all kids between the ages of 15 and 16 access to universal education as proposed by NEP 2020. State governments set up unique implementing bodies to receive financing from the federal ministry.
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Let’s take a look at some of the major objectives, major heads and progress made in the scheme.
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Goals of the Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan
The major goals of rashtriya madhyamik shiksha abhiyan are given below:
- Provide basic right to education
- Improving the quality of education imparted at secondary level through making all secondary schools conform to prescribed norms.
- To remove socio-economic, gender, and disability barriers.
- Universal access to secondary level education by 2017
- Universal retention of students by 2020
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Major Functions of Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan
The four major functions of rashtriya madhyamik shiksha abhiyan are:
- The scheme focused on improving the infrastructure of public schools by promoting science laboratories, activity centres, providing students with an educational environment, promotion of extra-curricular and vocational classes including yoga
- The scheme also ensures that the schools are centrally funded for schemes of Population education project, international science and mathematics olympiads.
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Information Communication Technologies
- This focuses on providing students with centrally funded programmes like CLASS (computer literacy and education in schools) and ET (educational technology), which introduce students to information technology.
- ITs demand in the current global scenario has resulted in more importance being given to the course
- Funding support for computer education plans, staff strengthening and reorientation at state institutes of education and training (SIETS), digitalization of SIETs audio and video cassettes with the help of NGOs, and management of internet-based education by SIETs are all included in the merged scheme for ICT in schools.
Access and Equity
- Minority girls, CWSN children, scheduled tribe and scheduled caste members, as well as other special focus groups, are ;aid special emphasis upon in order to provide them with secondary education under the scheme
- It also places a strong emphasis on closing socioeconomic and gender gaps in secondary education.
- Integrated Education for disabled children
- The benefits of inclusive education have been emphasized as a way to better fulfill the needs of children who are physically and cognitively challenged. This programme is still a distinct centrally funded programme.
- It contains a number of elements for convergence with special schools, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) for the targeted population at the elementary level, and integrated child development services for early interventions.
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In 2018, the RMSA, SSA and centrally sponsored Teacher Education Scheme disintegrated to form the Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan. The scheme functions as a separate centrally sponsored scheme as well.
Ans) Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) is a centrally sponsored scheme of the MHRD, Government of India, for the development of secondary education in public schools throughout India.
Ans) The RMSA was inaugurated in March 2009 and was brought into effect from 2009-10.
Ans) Ministry of Education, Government of India.
Ans) This scheme remains a separate, centrally supported scheme. It contains numerous components for convergence with integrated child development services for early interventions, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) for a specific group of elementary students, and special schools.